vma in hot mix asphalt

Superpave Mix Design - Pavement Interactive

Air voids (V a), sometimes expressed as voids in the total mix (VTM) Voids in the mineral aggregate (VMA) Voids filled with asphalt (VFA) Generally, these values must meet local or State criteria. VMA and VFA must meet the values specified in Table 8.

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SECTION 400 – ASPHALT PAVEMENTS SECTION 401 – QUALITY CONTROL

The HMA shall be transported and placed according to aQuality Control Plan, QCP, prepared and submitted by the Contractor in accordance with ITM 803; Contractor Quality Control Plans for Hot Mix Asphalt Pavements. The QCP shall be submitted to the Enginee

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» VDOT Mixes & Guidelines

VDOT “Standard” Base Mix. As the name implies, the base mix is the base asphalt layer for the pavement structure. Its major function is to provide the principal support of the pavement structure. The base mix uses the largest aggregate particles to provid

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A New Formula of Voids in the Mineral Aggregate (VMA) of

Voids in the mineral aggregate (VMA) is an important volume index for hot mix asphalt (HMA). In the popular HMA design methods such as Superpave system and Marshall Method an accurately calculated VMA is a crucial selection index for the aggregate gradati

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Marshall Mix Design - Pavement Interactive

Hot Mix Asphalt Materials, Mixture Design, and Construction. National Asphalt Pavement Association Education Foundation. Lanham, MD. National Asphalt Pavement Association. (1982 [3]). Development of Marshall Procedures for Designing Asphalt Paving Mixture

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Asphalt Mix Design - foundationperformance.org

VMA is the volumetric void space created by the aggregate particles in an asphalt mixture. It is filled with the volume of air voids plus the volume of the binder not absorbed into the aggregate. The mix needs a minimum VMA to have enough volume to hold t

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Pavement Manual: Hot-Mix Asphalt Pavement Mixtures

Related to VMA is the voids filled with asphalt cement (VFA), the percent of the volume of VMA that is filled with asphalt cement. A range of acceptable VFA is a further control placed on Superpave mixtures.

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Understanding the differences between hot mix asphalt and

Nov 20, 2014 · Hot mix asphalt or HMA is the designation given to asphalt mixtures that are heated and poured at temperatures between 300 and 350 degrees Fahrenheit. This type of asphalt is the most commonly used asphalt type in the United States for hig

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SECTION 400 – ASPHALT PAVEMENTS SECTION 401 – QUALITY

SECTION 400 – ASPHALT PAVEMENTS SECTION 401 – QUALITY CONTROL/QUALITY ASSURANCE, QC/QA, HOT MIX ASPHALT, HMA, PAVEMENT 401.01 Description This work shall consist of one or more courses of QC/QA HMA base, intermediate, or surface mixtures constructed on pr

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VOLUMETRIC ANALYSIS OF HMA MIXTURES

Volumetric Analysis of HMA Mixtures 40 • Percent Voids Filled with Asphalt -VFA ( VMA - Va) VMA Where: VMA = percent Voids in Mineral Aggregate Va = percent Voids in Total Mix VMA = 14.8 % Va = 3.8 % = 74 % VFA, % = 100 * ( 14.8 - 3.8 ) 14.8 VFA = 100 *-E

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Evaluation of VMA and Film Thickness Requirements in Hot

most important mix design parameter which affects the durability of the asphaltic concrete mix. High VMA values allow enough asphalt to be incorporated into the mix to obtain maximum durability without the mix flushing. Additionally, such mixes have the f

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HMA Weight-Volume Terms and Relationships - Pavement

Basic HMA weight-volume relationships are important to understand for both mix design and construction purposes. Fundamentally, mix design is meant to determine the volume of asphalt binder and aggregates necessary to produce a mixture with the desired pr

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Effect of low VMA in hot mix asphalt on load-related

9/15/2017 · Voids in mineral aggregate (VMA) is an important parameter in hot mix asphalt (HMA) mix design. It is believed that a minimum VMA requirement is necessary to ensure adequate binder content and durability for HMA.

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VMA - Voids in Mineral Aggregate | AcronymAttic

The voids in mineral aggregate (VMA) design parameter is one of the most important in the current Superpave mix design procedure that links hot-mix-asphalt (HMA) mix... An aggregate blend is composed of 53% coarse aggregate by weight; percent voids in min

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Effect of low VMA in hot mix asphalt on load-related cracking

Sep 15, 2017 · Voids in mineral aggregate (VMA) is an important parameter in hot mix asphalt (HMA) mix design. It is believed that a minimum VMA requirement is necessary to ensure adequate binder content and durability for HMA. This paper investigates th

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Factors that Affect the Voids in the Mineral Aggregate of

changes to VMA, especially for the finer gradations. The angularity of the fine aggregate caused significant changes to mix VMA, especially for the coarser gradations. Voids in the mineral aggregate (VMA) are a property of hot-mix asphalt (HMA) that contr

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THEORETICAL MAXIMUM SPECIFIC GRAVITY (G ) AND DENSITY

T209_short_12.docx Asphalt 15-1 Pub. October 2012 THEORETICAL MAXIMUM SPECIFIC GRAVITY (Gmm) AND DENSITY OF HOT MIX ASPHALT (HMA) PAVING MIXTURES FOP FOR AASHTO T 209 Scope This procedure covers the determination of the maximum specific gravity (Gmm) of u

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EVALUATION OF VOIDS IN THE MINERAL AGGREGATE FOR HMA PAVING

The concept of voids in the mineral aggregate (VMA) is considered fundamental in the design of dense-graded hot mix asphalt (HMA) mixtures. The term VMA describes that portion of the space in a compacted HMA pavement or specimen which is not occupied by t

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S-1 (2360) HOT MIXED ASPHALT - POROUS PAVEMENT Combined 2360

The guideline for percent asphalt binder shall be 5.5 to 6.5 percent by weight of mix. (F) Table 2360.3-B2c (VMA Mixture Requirements) shall be deleted (G) Table 2360.3-B3 shall be modified as follows: Compacted briquette air void content for gyratory des

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Increasing AC In Hot Mix Asphalt

Increasing AC In Hot Mix Asphalt ... Hot Mix Type 25 mm 19 mm 12.5 mm 9.5 mm 4.75 mm ... o VMA Curve –Identify potential instability / Rut prone mix

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611 - HOT MIX ASPHALT (HMA)-COMMERCIAL GRADE SECTION

611 - HOT MIX ASPHALT (HMA)-COMMERCIAL GRADE 600-63 If RAP or RAS is used, inform the Engineer as to the source and type of RAP and RAS. Provide RAP that is reasonably free of contamination, uniform in composition (similar to RAP gradation shown on mix de

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VMA as a design parameter in hot-mix asphalt

the basis for selecting the asphalt binder content. VMA is defined as the sum of the volumes of the air voids and the unabsorbed binder in the compacted specimen. VFA is the percentage of VMA containing asphalt binder. It is widely accepted that these vol

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HMA Weight-Volume Terms and Relationships - Pavement Interactive

When VMA is too low, there is not enough room in the mixture to add sufficient asphalt binder to adequately coat the individual aggregate particles. Also, mixes with a low VMA are more sensitive to small changes in asphalt binder content. Excessive VMA wi

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Controlling Rutting Performance of Hot Mix Asphalt

Controlling aggregate ratios gradations could control anticipated mix properties and predict permanent performance of HMA. Key words: Bailey methods, Hot mix asphalt, rutting, wheel tracking, Marshal. 1. Introduction The aim of HMA design is to find the o

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20 Spec -Section 460 Hot Mix Asphalt Pavement

Revise 460.2.1 to specify target air voids for SMA mix designs. (1) Furnish a homogeneous mixture of coarse aggregate, fine aggregate, mineral filler if required, SMA stabilizer if required, recycled material if used, warm mix asphalt additive or process

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Superpave Mix Design and Gyratory Compaction Levels

newdesign will still be made to minimize VMA and therefore minimize binder volume by adjusting the gradation. Reducingthe gyration compaction level allows weaker aggregate structures to be used meetthe VMA and air void requirements. If it is an agency’s g

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Standard Test Method for Determining Field VMA based on the

1.1 This test method is intended to be used for a rapid field determination of voids in mineral aggregate (VMA) of hot mix asphalt (HMA). It provides equations for calculating the VMA based on the asphalt content of the mix and its maximum specific gravit

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How to Increase VMA - The University of Memphis

Obtaining adequate VMA in a Superpave mixture is an important part of the mix design which must be met. VMA is only one parameter, aggregate skeleton strength is another. The challenge to Superpave mix designers is to select aggregates which will give the

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The Effect of Voids in Mineral Aggregate (VMA) on Hot-Mix

Three of the 10 projects had a VMA decrease of 1.9 or more. These three projects also had the highest plant temperatures and fairly long storage times, which makes increased asphalt absorption a likely cause of the VMA decrease. Five projects showed a mod

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Chapter 11 MARSHALL METHOD OF ASPHALT-CONCRETE MIX DESIGN

MARSHALL METHOD OF ASPHALT-CONCRETE MIX DESIGN 11.1 INTRODUCTION Bituminous mixes (some times called asphalt mixes) are used in the surface layer of road and airfield pavements. The mix is composed usually of aggregate and asphalt cements. Some types of b

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Predicting Critical VMA in Hot Mix Asphalt, Phase II

The objective of this project is to test common Iowa mixtures to validate and refine the conclusions and recommended VMA criterion. ... VMA in Hot Mix Asphalt, Phase ...

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A Review of Aggregate and Asphalt Mixture Specific Gravity

fundamental to the business of building quality hot‐mix asphalt (HMA)pavements. This Technical Brief summarizes a critical review of specific gravity measurement methods. This review was conducted as part of a task group consisting of the authors under th

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HOT MIX ASPHALT TESTING TECHNICIAN

HOT MIX ASPHALT TESTING TECHNICIAN developed by: The University of Arkansas, Dept. of Civil Engineering in conjunction with The Arkansas Department of Transportation 1 Course Overview Refresher Info Sampling / Reduction Design / Volumetrics •A RDOT Specif

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Vma In Hot Mix Asphalt - Image Results

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An Assessment of WSDOT’s Hot-Mix Asphalt Quality Control

Hot-Mix Asphalt Quality Control and Assurance Requirements by Kim Willoughby, P.E. ... Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA) is the major paving material for WSDOT which purchased ... will be used to provide an early assessment of whether mix volumetric (VMA, Va) pay

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